Description: Gelatin or gelatine is a translucent, colorless, flavorless food ingredient, commonly derived from collagen taken from animal body parts.
Description: Is a chemical compound. Allantoin is a major metabolic intermediate in most organisms including animals, plants and bacteria.
Source: It is produced from uric acid, which itself is a degradation product of nucleic acids. Is present in the urine of most mammals
Use: It is frequently present in toothpaste, mouthwash, and other oral hygiene products, in shampoos, lipsticks, anti-acne products, sun care products, and clarifying lotions, various cosmetic lotions and creams, and other cosmetic and pharmaceutical products.
Alternative: Is present in botanical extracts of the comfrey plant
Description: Bee pollen is a ball or pellet of field-gathered flower pollen packed by honeybees and used as the primary food source for the hive.
Use: health supplement, as food
Lanolin (Wool yolk)
Description: A product of the oil glands of sheep
Source: Sheep wool (See fur)
Use: Lanolin's role in nature is to protect wool and skin from climate and the environment. By humans is used as skin smoothing. It is frequently used in protective baby skin treatment and for sore nipples from breastfeeding. Lip balm, moustache wax, lubricant
Alternative: Plant and vegetable oils
Description: Is the main structural protein in the extracellular matrix. Connective tissues and it is the most abundant protein in mammals
Source: Tendonds or ligaments from bovine, equine, porcine, or even human sources.
Use: Widely used in cosmetic surgery, as a healing aid for burn patients for reconstruction of bone and a wide variety of dental, orthopedic, and surgical purposes
Alternative: Soy protein, almond oil, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin), etc.
Description: An amino acid that can come from animals.
Source: Chicken, Cheese, Duck, Eggs, Pork, Turkey, etc.
Use: Used in hair-care products and creams, in some bakery products, and in wound-healing formulations.
Alternative: Legumes, Sunflower Seeds, Brussel sprouts, onions, garlic, bell peppers, broccoli, buckwheat and quinoa
Description: Is an anionic, nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues.
Source: Extracted from the rooster comb, umbilical cords and the fluids around the joints.
Use: Used in cosmetics and some medical applications. For hydration and control inflammation
Alternative: Synthetic hyaluronic acid, plant oils.
Source: Derived from the tissues of fish species with oil in soft tissues and in the coelomic cavity around the gut
Use: Dietary supplements,
Description: Lipases perform essential roles in digestion, transport and processing of dietary lipids (e.g. triglycerides, fats, oils)
Source: In most, if not all, living organisms. Enzyme from the stomachs, tongue glands of calves, and lambs
Use: Used in digestive aids as it helps the body break down fats.
Alternative: Vegetable enzymes, can be from plants, fungus or yeast.
Description: Whey is the liquid remaining after milk has been curdled and strained.
Source: It is a byproduct of the manufacture of cheese or casein
Use: Whey is used to produce whey cheeses such as ricotta, brunost, and whey butter and many other products for human consumption.
Description: Is a hormone, also known as epinephrine
Source: It is found in many animals
Use: It is used to treat a number of conditions including anaphylaxis, cardiac arrest, and superficial bleeding.
Description: Is a mixture of finely and coarsely ground animal bones and slaughter-house waste products
Source: Animal bones and slaughter-house waste products
Use: It is used as an organic fertilizer for plants and as a nutritional supplement for animals.
Description: Cortisone is a naturally-occurring corticosteroid which is a class of steroid hormones
Source: Produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones
Use: Pain relief chronic pain sufferers
Description: Estrogen, or oestrogen, is a category of sex hormone responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics
Source: Meat, Dairy, and Eggs
Use: Menopausal hormone therapy, hormonal birth control and feminizing hormone therapy for transgender women and nonbinary people
Description: It is a fatty acid. The word 'linoleic' derives from the Latin linum 'flax' + oleum 'oil', reflecting the fact that it was first isolated from linseed oil.
Source: Mainly found in plant oils. non-vegan sources come from Egg Yolk, Lard, Butter, Chicken fat
Use: oil paints and varnishes
Description: Is an aspartic protease which is a catalytic type of protease enzymes that use an activated water molecule bound to one or more aspartate residues for catalysis of their peptide substrates
Source: It is produced in the gastric chief cells of the stomach lining and is one of the main digestive enzymes in the digestive systems of humans and many other animals
Use: Treat stomach ulcers and other pepsin-related conditions, also inhibits pepsin activity
Description: Bluish-white gelatin-like substance, being a protein-carbohydrate complex and can be obtained by boiling cartilage in water.
Source: Animal tissue, especially connective tissues. Gristle on animal bones is high in chondroitin. Some chondroitin supplements come from animal sources, like shark or beef cartilage
Use: Supplement used in treating the joint disease of osteoarthritis as well as glucosamine
Description: Is an estrogen steroid hormone and the major female sex hormone. It is involved in the regulation of the estrous and menstrual female reproductive cycles
Source: Female hormones from pregnant mares’ urine
Use: primarily in hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms as well as transgender hormone replacement therapy
Description: Glucosamine is a natural compound found in cartilage — the tough tissue that cushions joints.
Source: Harvested from shells of shellfish or made in a lab
Use: Treat a painful condition caused by the inflammation, breakdown and eventual loss of cartilage (osteoarthritis)
Disodium Inosinate (E630)
Description: Is the disodium salt of inosinic acid.
Source: It is typically obtained from chicken byproducts or other meat industry waste
Use: Widely used as a flavor enhancer
Description: (EC 22.214.171.124)
Source: found in the digestive system of many vertebrates. First isolated by rubbing the pancreas with of pork with glycerin
Use: Used widely in various biotechnological processes. Break down casein in breast milk, dissolve blood clots, dissolve dead tissue and pus in wounds in horses, cattle, dogs, and cats
Description: sold under the brand name Capoten among others, is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor
Source: Pit viper's venom
Use: Treatment of hypertension and some types of congestive heart failure
Description: The component of the Gila monster’s venom is a peptide known as exendin-4
Source: Gila monster’s venom
Use: Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and other diseases common to older age
Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL)
Description: Is an aqueous extract of blood cells (amoebocytes)
Source: Blood cells of the Atlantic horseshoe crab
Use: Detect presence of bacterial endotoxins in drugs and biological products
Description: Heparin, also known as unfractionated heparin (UFH), is a medication and naturally occurring glycosaminoglycan.
Source: Pharmaceutical-grade heparin is derived from mucosal tissues of slaughtered meat animals such as porcine (pig) intestines or bovine (cattle) lungs.
Use: As a medication it is used as an anticoagulant (blood thinner). Treatment of heart attacks and unstable angina
Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells (CHO Cells)
Description: Epithelial cell line
Source: Derived from the ovary of the Chinese hamster
Use: CHO cells are the most common mammalian cell line used for mass production of therapeutic proteins